# Category Archives: Uncategorized

## 1. Statistic’s Dirty Little Secret

I can’t believe schools are still teaching kids about the null hypothesis.  I remember reading a big study that conclusively disproved it years ago. *** To most scientists, the endpoint of a research study is achieving the mystical ‘p < 0.05’, … Continue reading

## 1.B Am I a nattering nabob of negativism?

This blog was written on April 23, 2017, but was ‘published on October 2, 2011, so it appears after blog 1.A  Another view on testing by Peter Flom, PhD. I wrote my first blog, ‘1. Statistic’s dirty little secret‘, in September … Continue reading

## 2. Why do we compute p-values?

In my previous blog I said that the p-value, which test the null hypothesis, is a near meaningless concept.  This was based on: In nature, the likelihood that the difference between two different treatments will be exactly any number (e.g., … Continue reading

## 4. Meaningful ways to determine the adequacy of a treatment effect when you lack an intuitive knowledge of the dependent variable

In previous blogs I discussed how little relevance the p-value actually has, but explained in a second blog why we still do it.  I gave in my last blog a 1-to-1 alternative for the p-value, and why we need to … Continue reading

## 7. Assumptions of Statistical Tests

“All models are incorrect.  Some are useful.” George Box *** When you do a statistical test, you are, in essence, testing if the assumptions are valid.  We are typically only interested in one, the null hypothesis.  That is, the assumption … Continue reading

## 11. p-values by the Pound

‘Failure is always an option’ – Myth Busters ‘The Statistician is in.  5¢ per p-value.’ ‘Your statistical report is being delivered by three UPS trucks.’ ‘It takes three weeks to prepare a good ad-lib speech.’ – Mark Twain *** Let … Continue reading

## 13. Multiple Observations and Statistical ‘Cheapies’

‘Measure once cut twice, measure twice cut once’ ‘A man with one watch knows what time it is, a man with two is never sure’ The three words which get everyone’s attention:  Free, Free, Free *** Multiple observations occur in … Continue reading

## 15. Variance, and t-tests, and ANOVA, oh my!

Statistics – a specialty of mathematics whose basic tenant is ‘Exceptions prove the rule’. Mr. McGuire: I just want to say one word to you. Just one word. Benjamin: Yes, sir. Mr. McGuire: Are you listening? Benjamin: Yes, I am. … Continue reading

## 5.A Accepting the Null-Hypothesis a Bayesian approach

The following blog was written by Randy Gallistel, PhD of Rutgers.  It presents a Bayesian approach to hypothesis testing.  It was written on April 23, 2012, but will eventually appear to have an earlier date, to sort it immediately after … Continue reading

## 18.2 Percentage Change Revisited

If you hear hoof beats, the first thing you should NOT look for is unicorns. I’d like to thank Rob Musterer, President of ER Squared, for posting a reference to a 2009 paper by Ling Zhang and Han Kun, ‘How … Continue reading

## 30. ‘Natural’ Herbs and Alternative Medicines

Just b’cause it ain’t science, don’t mean it ‘taint so. Phrenology, Four humors, You were cursed, Leeches, … ************************************ This blog is written for the general public, not for the pharma/device expert who is my typical target for my blog. My … Continue reading